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Project development

Depending on local transportation priorities, available funding, and complexities of the job, a project’s progression from planning to pavement may take 15 years. FDOT follows federal and state requirements throughout project development and works closely with governmental agencies and partners and the local community as we identify new projects and move them through the production pipeline. Planning, the Project Development & Environment Study, formal design, right-of-way acquisition, and construction are sequential phases of production for projects.

Planning:  The Lee County Metropolitan Planning Organization (MPO) has identified State Road 82 as a transportation priority. FDOT also considers State Road 82 a priority and emphasizes its importance as a Strategic Intermodal Systems corridor. With the MPO’s priority placed on this segment of State Road 82, FDOT has funded production phases in its five year work program. As a whole, the work program is the state transportation plan and includes projects ranging from planning studies to construction jobs.

Project Development and Environment (PD&E) Study:  The PD&E study is a federally required first step and evaluates engineering, environmental, social, historic, and cultural effects a project may have, for example, and estimates costs for future phases of production. Involvement and comments from public officials, agency partners, and members of the community are essential. Need for the project is documented and alternatives for roadway improvement are developed. The “preferred alternative,” a conceptual design, is presented at a public hearing at the end of the study. Documents then are forwarded to the Federal Highway Administration for approval. The PD&E study for State Road 82 from Lee Boulevard to State Road 29, which includes the segment of Alabama Road to Homestead Road, finished in 2008.

Design:  This segment of State Road 82 presently is under design. The design phase moves the conceptual plan presented at public hearing in the PD&E study into a formal set of construction drawings to be used to bid and build the job. These final plans are very detailed roadway construction plans and include design of a stormwater drainage system, traffic signals, lighting systems, median openings, bridges (if the job includes structures), a plan for signs to be installed along the road, utility plans if relocations are necessary to accommodate highway expansion, as well as design of the roadway itself.

Right-of-way acquisition:  The right-of-way acquisition phase is expected to begin early in 2014. FDOT needs to acquire property to build the job from Alabama Road to Homestead Road. With details defined during design, FDOT can determine specifically how much right-of-way or land is needed to expand the roadway and build stormwater ponds. When more land, or property, is needed than the state already owns, FDOT acquires property in order to build roadway improvements on publicly-owned land (in other words, within state-owned right-of-way). In accordance with Florida statute, FDOT can only purchase property needed for transportation improvements, and FDOT pays fair market value for any property or part of property acquired for road expansion. FDOT will notify property owners in writing if their land is affected, and letters to affected property owners also will provide names and contact information for right-of-way agents managing this phase of the project. More information about FDOT’s right-of-way acquisition process may be found at

Construction:  FDOT has funded construction to expand State Road 82 from Alabama Road to Homestead Road to four lanes in fiscal year 2015/16, although the specific bid schedule will not be determined until closer to this fiscal year. It is presently estimated to be a three year construction job. After design plans are completed and right-of-way acquisition concluded, FDOT advertises the project for construction. Qualified contractors may bid on it. Typically, construction work starts three or four months after FDOT hires the contractor (who must mobilize crews and arrange for equipment and materials). Construction jobs may take two to three years, and sometimes longer depending on complexities of the projects. After FDOT hires the contractor, more information is available about a project’s construction schedule and crews’ approach to the work.

SR 82 Design Schedule

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